A prostate infection is an ordinary medical issue confronted by men, and stimulates huge inconvenience. Remember, it is not a life-threatening disease, if treated sooner. To acquire more knowledge about several types of prostate infection and their related causes go through below mentioned information.

Sexually transmitted infection (STIs) such as Chlamydia or gonorrhea is one of the main reasons behind prostate infection, and they mainly target men below 40, who are sexually more dynamic. Prostatitis or prostate infection is nothing but infection of prostate gland that mainly contributes to inflammation and pain. Usually, the infection occurred due to bacteria and that exist in the large intestine. The possibilities are high that most often infection in the urinary bladder and the urethra also reach to the prostate gland, which is placed under the bladder, and this in turn results in prostatitis.


This medical condition is classified into four type namely chronic bacterial prostatitis, acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic pelvic pain syndrome, asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, chronic nonbacterial prostatitis and so on.

  1. Acute Bacterial Prostatitis:-

Causes: - There can be number of causes of a prostate infection, relying on the particular type. Bacterial infection is reason behind onset of acute bacterial prostatitis and observed by the swelling of the prostate. The infections reside in the large intestine, urinary bladder and other parts of urinary tract can widen to prostate gland and induce an infection. It is reason of around 5-10 percent of the total instances of prostatitis.

SYMPTOMS: - The warning signs of this specific form consists regular urination, urinary tract infection (UTI), acute ache in the genital and pelvis region, a feeling of burning while urinating, fever, vomiting, chills, nausea, etc. If this condition is not treated on time, may enhance risk of confusion, low blood pressure and might be critical in few severe instances. Delay in treating this condition, may give rise to a few chronic troubles like pus development in the prostate, prostate swelling with tenderness and abnormality, bladder infection and so on. In serious instances, the urine flow might get obstructed wholly.

  1. Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis:-

Causes: - The exact cause responsible behind attack of chronic bacterial prostatitis is not identified. But, it is assumed that this disease can be induced by an earlier type of bacterial infection of prostate gland and regular onsets of UTI. Hence, it has been suspected that some of the bacteria can persist in the gland after such an infection, and their reactivation induce this illness.

SYMPTOMS: - Most signs of this type of prostate infection are identical to that of acute bacterial prostatitis, but the strength and brutality is relatively less. A few other symptoms of chronic prostatitis include back pain, joint and muscle pain, mild fever testes and other reproductive organs, etc.

  1. Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis:-

CAUSES: - The root causes behind nonbacterial prostatitis are not recognized, but the infectious agents besides bacteria, such as viruses and parasites are assumed to be the cause. Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis is classified into two types namely inflammatory and non-inflammatory. According to researchers, this inflammation can be induced by the reverse flow of urine from bladder to the prostate gland. This can become possible because of engaging in certain tasks like cycling, lifting extremely weighty objects, horse riding, particularly when the bladder is filled. Studies indicate that, around 90 percent of the instances of prostatitis are induced by unidentified factors. In some cases, infection and irregularities in the formation of the urinary tract can also be the potential cause, mainly the non-bacterial one. This particular type of prostatitis is frequently confused with interstitial cystitis (severe swelling of the bladder).

SYMPTOMS: - This form of prostatitis infection exhibits signs identical to acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, and these symptoms may fade away and revisit without any particular notice.

  1. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis:-

Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis is described by swelling of the prostate gland, and it does not demonstrate any definite symptom. This condition neither has any specific infectious cause nor does patient with this condition experience any severe pain, dissimilar the above mentioned types. Only when the prostate is removed for other illnesses (chances of augmented PSA that is prostate specific antigen or infertility, cancer, etc.), white blood cells are notice in the urine.


Many times prostate infections are treated by a physical test of the organ, as an augmented and solid or prostate can denote a potential instance of infection. CT scan, ultrasound, urine analysis, MRI and blood culture are executed to sure the diagnosis. Apart from these, there are other numerous tests which include the assessment of urine samples collected before and after a prostatic massage. Antibiotics play a significant role in treating these conditions. However, they are not effectual in healing the non-bacterial form of prostatitis. As a result, treatment is mostly individual-specific.

Along with this treatment, it is imperative to drink ample of water, avert certain arduous tasks like cycling, jogging, horse riding, and biking to avert any further onset of this condition, and also to acquire good prostate health. Eat foods enriched with vitamin E to maintain prostate health. It is potent antioxidant that combats the free radicals in the body. Strictly say no to caffeinated beverages and alcoholic drinks including beer. Intake of soy products should be obviated. Soy hold isoflavones and keeps risk of prostate cancer and prostate enlargement at bay. Foods laden with zinc should be incorporated. Zinc is believed to cuts down the inflammation and other symptoms of prostate infection. Zinc is abundantly present in pumpkin seeds. Flaxseed oil plays a key role in preventing swelling and inflammation. Warm tub baths for the pelvic muscles proves beneficial as it aid in easing the pain and assist in relaxing the lower abdominal muscle.

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There are wide ranges of natural supplements that aid to boost and improve your general immunity effectively. Immune system plays a significant role in protecting you against large number of illnesses. It actually works like defense system of body and aids combat against several diseases stimulating microorganisms. It encompasses special cells, organs, tissues and cell products that fight against innumerable pathogens. Plus, also battle against virus, bacteria and fungi. But, the immune system requires certain nutrients to function smoothly. Shortage of these essential nutrients along with other factors like stress, pollution, age also responsible for hindering immunity. An undermined immune system makes a person susceptible to a variety of disease. As a result, it is mandatory to keep immune system healthy to stay away from several health issues.


As mentioned earlier, the immune system needs particular nutrients for proper functioning. These nutrients or promoters aid in supporting the immune system and augment its function, thus protecting you from several infections.   

  1. Vitamins:-

There are innumerable vitamins which play a dominant role in strengthening the immune system and prevent the onset of a range of diseases. 

  • Vitamin A- It aids in the production and restore of cells and tissues. In addition, it toughens them by making them proficient of battling against bacteria, fungi and virus. Vitamin A is needed in keeping the mucous membrane damp so that it can catch the germs that make every possible effort to obtain entrance in the body.
  • Vitamin B – Research has revealed that daily consumption of vitamin B raises the count of white blood cells, which are an imperative part of the immune system. They also offer energy to the body and preserve effectiveness of this system.   
  • Vitamin C- Vitamin C is critically needed for strengthening the immune system; hence it is thought to be one of the vital immune system vitamins. It enhances immunity by helping in the production of antiviral agent, an immunologic protein. It also facilitate in the manufacture of some anti stress hormones. It elevates the glutathione level in the body, a tripeptide that is useful for the regular execution of the immune system.    
  • Vitamin E- Vitamin E is a powerhouse of strong antioxidant properties that improves immunity and protects the body from wide variety of diseases and infections. Its major task is to offer protection against the hazardous free radicals. It also assists to raise the production of white blood cells, which are the crucial battling elements of the immune system.
  1. Zinc: -

Zinc is kind of a worthful mineral that augments the development of white blood cells in the body and supports in combating numerous pathogens more forcefully. It plays a key role in inducing the formation of killer cells that battle against cancer cells.

  1. Carotenoids:-

Beta carotene is considered to be extremely useful for boosting the number of natural killer cells, helper T-cells and infection fighting cells. In addition, it has excellent antioxidant properties that assist in fighting against the hazardous consequences of free radicals.

  1. Herbs:-

There are countless herbs which acts as effective immune system promoters. The superior advantage of utilizing herbs as supplements is that most of these herbs are does not exhibit any side effects and offers superb end outcomes.

  • Garlic:-

Garlic is said to be a potent immunity promoter. It is laden with anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and expectorant properties that boost the functions of the immune system and protects you from various diseases together with influenza, common cold, whooping cough and bronchitis. 

  • Astragalus:-

Astragalus is popular for its capability to raise phagocyte task and enhancing the level of antibodies in the body. It is normally utilized for healing common cold and cough, viral infections, hepatitis and autoimmune disease.

  • Echinacea:-

This herb is indispensable for inducing several elements of the immune system like lymphokines, macrophages and interferon. Echinacea is known to have numerous antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal properties, which plays a significant role in improving the overall circulation by enhancing the blood supply to different organs of the body.

  1. Selenium:-

This is another extremely useful mineral that supports the development of the killer cells and hence cancer cells. To acquire selenium in enormous quantity, try maximum to increase intake of tuna, shrimp, whole grains, egg yolks and lobster.


The overall process of immune system is carried out by the primary organs and tissues that are generally bifurcated into primary and secondary lymphoid organ.  Bone marrow and thymus are enclosed within the primary lymphoid organs, while lymph nodes and spleen are surrounded within the secondary lymphoid organs.

Thymus is the location where undeveloped thymocytes move around and build up into mature T cells. In this bilobed organ positioned on top of the heart arises a procedure of choosy removal of T cells that show overall body performance against the human body on the whole. As a result, the T cells liberated out from the thymus. And hence they facilitate to fight the pathogens in the overall human body.

Lymph Nodes
These wrapped bean-structured formations are the location for refining of lymph and ambush antigens that move into the tissue spaces. The antigens are refined all the way through the macrophages. Lymph nodes and dendritic cells confined these antigens and offer them to the t and b cells.

 Dendritic Cells
These in addition act as specialized APCs and are additional resourceful as compared to macrophages to the extent that antigen production is considered. They detain the antigens and carry it to lymphoid organs commencing a recovered overall body resistance capacity.

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Pneumonia is a severe respiratory disorder which highly infects the lungs. Pneumonia attacks when foreign particles intruded into the lungs causing inflammation of the alveoli of lungs. Alveoli are the very small bag like structures present in the lungs whose function is to absorb oxygen. Pneumonia is of three types namely viral pneumonia, fungal pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia. The foremost triggers of pneumonia are bacteria, fungi and virus. Such microbes weaken the human immune system. Weakened immune system is highly prone to secondary infections. Air is the medium through which pathogens intruded into the lungs. Pneumonia is extremely transmittable. Inhaling contaminated air and when a healthy individual gets in contact with infected patient or his/her stuff results in causing pneumonia. Outbreak of bird flu, severe acute respiratory syndrome, H5n1 influenza etc. can also cause pneumonia.

Identifying the symptoms and its causes is mandatory as it makes easier to treat. Cough is a major symptom of the pneumonia. High fever and chills can be observed. Mild and severe headache, weight loss, chest pain due to chest congestion, breath shortness is the most commonly observed symptoms. People with impaired immune system are at high risk of getting affected by pneumonia. Most common bacteria causing pneumonia in adults is streptococcus pneumoniae and mycoplasma pneumoniae in children.


Apart from bacterial, viral, fungal pneumonia there are few more types like.

  1. Aspiration Pneumonia:-

When external bodies enter into the lungs through food, saliva results in aspiration pneumonia. Drug addicts, alcoholics, smokers are easily infected by this disorder. Individuals who suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease can be susceptible to this disorder.

  1. Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP):-

CAP can be usually seen during winters resulting in severe chest pain, high cough, and shortness of breath. CAP caused due to the infection of pathogens in the bronchitis of the lungs.

  1. Opportunistic Pneumonia:-

This disorder is due to fungal growth. Individuals with compromised immune system are at high risk of formulating this disease.

  1. Walking Pneumonia:-

This shows less severe and hospitalization is not necessary. Mycoplasma is just like the causative agent. It even can be cured at home.


Diagnosis of pneumonia include tests like chest CT scan, arterial blood gases test (to identify the oxygen supply), is executed. In order to determine the causing agent tests like gram stain or sputum culture test, ample test, chest x-ray, breathing analysis, WBC test, bronchoscopy  are performed.


It is highly recommended to treat in primary stages of infection because the chances are high that it may turn worse and life threatening too, if untreated. Treatment is given as per the severity of the disease. Physician may prescribe medications like antifungal or antibiotics or antiviral depending upon the causative agent. Aspirin can be given to cure the fever and to maintain the normal body temperature. Vaccination in childhood is the best way to stay away from this disorder. Cough can be relieved by taking expectorants and cough medicines as prescribed by the doctor. Hospitalization is must for the patients of age 65 or more as they may be suffering from diabetes, asthma etc. The pneumococcal vaccine or ‘pneumo jab’ is helpful to battle against pneumonia and restricts spreading. Hygiene and a healthy diet which keeps your immune system strong must be followed. Aromatherapy is helpful to clear the respiratory path.


The rich carbohydrate food whole grains like brown rice, oats, barley, quinoa, popcorn. Vitamins, minerals and antioxidants are highly beneficial. Puddings, milkshakes and custard are preferred as it contains high calories which provide energy. Cereals, Breads, pasta, crackers are rich whole grains foods. Protein foods like beans, skinless poultry and fish, lentils. High intake of water and other fluids keeps the body hydrated and decreases the chest congestion. Healthy fats like peanut butter, avocados, olive oil, sunflower seeds nuts, soy milk, olives. Natural pulmonary expectorants herbs are highly preferred. Vegetables and fresh fruits containing rich vitamins are also recommended. Decoction of fenugreek, eucalyptus, sesame seeds, and licorice can clear the respiratory tract. Pear juice loosens the chest congestion.


Red and processed Meat should be avoided which contains fat causes inflammation. Oil and spicy foods must be avoided as it can severe the condition. Alcohol and caffeinated drinks must be avoided as it may disturb the treatment. Pastries, cheese, butter, margarine, ice cream, coconut oil which are unhealthy fats. Milk and dairy products must be removed from diet as it increases mucus secretion. Foods containing artificial colors, additives and flavors are strictly not allowed.


  • Aromatherapy:-

Camphor, lemon, pine, eucalyptus steam vapors fight against the infection and improve respiration. To cure fever take a spoon of natural honey add powdered ginger, few drops of lime juice mix it well and apply on forehead.

  • Honey:-

Honey is potent medicine for alleviating cold, pneumonia and cough. Simply mix one to one and ½ teaspoon of honey in one glass of lukewarm water. Drink around 3-4 glasses of this mixture as it will assists in calming the symptoms of pneumonia.

  • Juice therapy:-

Drink 6-7 ounces glasses juices of parsley, carrot, spinach with cumin powder and a piece of garlic.

  • Homeopathy: -

Phosphorous: – It can be given for the patients having symptoms like phlegm of rust color, trembling, cold drinks desire, weakness.

Bryonia: – It is best for chest pains which are sharp caused by movements.

Sanguinaria: – it should be given when right lung having chest compression and flu like symptom.

Aconite: – It is excellent for fever and anxiety like symptoms.

Nutritional supplements: – Quercetin, manganese, bee pollen, pine tree bark, zinc, acidophilus supplements, proteolytic enzymes can strengthen the immune system.

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The condition ‘menopause’ denotes the termination of menstrual cycle. All the phases of a women’s reproductive life cycle are regulated by hormones named progesterone and estrogen. A woman’s reproductive organs react to the cyclical alternation that is evidenced in the form of menstrual flow and deepening of the uterine lining during each monthly period. A woman becomes pregnant if impregnation of egg and sperm occurs during a menstruation. As women cross 40, the hormone level begins waning. This affects the capability of the ovaries to discharge ova. The monthly menstrual bleeding turns unbalanced, and the period of the menstruation turns shorter, until it ends wholly.

Menopause is the ending phase of the reproductive life cycle. A woman notices a wide range of symptoms during the menstrual cycle and that leads up to his stage. A woman arrives at menopause when a whole year passes without a menstruation. Night sweats, hot flashes, too much sweating, tiredness, increase in weight and numerous other mental and physical symptoms are observed by majority of women during this phase. Most women feel sad due to unpleasant menopausal belly fat. Here are some of the effective and easiest steps that may definitely aid menopausal women for getting over the issue of augmented belly fat.

Majority of menopausal women battles with the issue of belly fat. Belly fat in menopausal women is considered to be due to aging, even lifestyle and dietary habits are also potential causes. Apart from these, reduction in the estrogen level is also the main contributory factor. Since, fat cells are enough capable to produce estrogen, when there is a disparity in the level of estrogen during this stage, the body reacts by converting the calories into fat. This is the major reason behind fat deposits nearby the waist and belly turns extreme eminent at this stage.

The utilization of artificial hormone tablets that hold estrogen can also stimulate estrogen dominance. When a woman is menstruating, the estrogen supremacy is handled by the discharge of progesterone. Progesterone fights with some of the consequences of estrogen. Being a water pill, progesterone plays a crucial role in handling the issue of fluid retention or bloating that is induced by augmented estrogen levels. When the fat cells are giving rise to formation of estrogen, the quantity of progesterone created by the ovaries turns insignificant during menopausal years. In short, the subcutaneous or visceral menopausal belly fat expansion could be assigned to fluid retention in the abdominal area.


As buildup of fat nearby the belly area is the body’s way of reacting to hormonal inequality, adjusting this disparity with help of hormone replacement therapy would definitely prove useful. Here are the easiest steps that you require to follow to overcome those unattractive mass of fat around the abdomen.

  • Make modification in diet:-

There is a huge necessity to realize the significance of the correct diet. You must incorporate a healthy diet that offers your body with the sufficient nutrients. There is an immense necessity to reduce one’s consumption of unhealthy, fatty foods. Make certain that the digestive system is not under lots of pressure. One’s diet should be filled with lean proteins like beans, chicken, lentils, seafood, and non-fat cottage cheese. Most of weight loss diets highlight on reducing carbohydrates, these are the main source of energy. As a result, women require to make certain that they comprise healthy carbohydrates to their diet. Easily digested carbohydrates and those having a low glycemic index are the excellent solution. Food items such as vegetables, brown rice, fruits, whole grains, oats and beans are superior carbohydrates and these carbohydrates never create any obstacles in weight loss. One must stay away from intake of processed foods that are enriched with bad carbohydrates and trans fats.

  • Give preference to regular exercise:-

The potent solution to burn fat is to staying physically dynamic. An inactive lifestyle is one of the chief reasons behind weight gain. Whereas, a drug treatment may assist in adjusting the hormonal disparity to some extent, the excellent way to overcome fat is to get engage in certain exercises. One could indulge in cardiac exercises together with strength training exercises to get rid of belly fat. Apart from exercises that assist in toning the abdominal muscles, engaging in swimming, yoga, cycling or any other form of physical activity would assist menopausal women to acquire control over weight. You could also choose an exercise ball for toughening the core muscles. In addition, squats, leg crunches, sit-ups and pelvic tilts would definitely assist in strengthening the muscles and would contribute a flatter look to your belly. Jogging, running and brisk walking will also prove useful. One can also select option of gym and become skilled at abdominal exercises that will assist one to reduce belly fat. Hence there is a prime need to adopt the workout regimen thoroughly.

  • Stay calm:-

Increase in weight during this period may even be associated with tension. This is an extreme stressful duration for women because of the bodily alterations that take place owing to the waning level of female hormones. The physical and emotional symptoms are responsible for women’s huge stressful circumstance. Under these conditions, the adrenal gland may formulate significant amount of cortisol, which in turn may induce the body to accumulate fat, particularly in the region of abdomen. For that reason, it is indispensable to handle stress. Adopting relaxation techniques like medication can undoubtedly aid. Women should try her best to stay calm and stress free. No woman is exceptional to this stage, hence they must get ready to handle this issue. Never keep your mind free, and engage in activities that may relax your tattered nerves. Get indulge in anything that makes you feel wonderful.

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The diet which you follow has a huge impact on your health. So, it is imperative to build superior food choices. By altering your diet and consuming more of certain natural foods, you can definitely cut down your cholesterol and lessen the threat of heart disease.

Research indicates that a diet filled with fish, nuts, plant stanol, soy based products, oats and sterol based food is extremely powerful in cutting down cholesterol levels. No doubt, it is as effectual as consuming cholesterol medications. Plus, it is less expensive and does not develop any side effects. Certainly, if you have any health complication, it is mandatory that you first take approval from your physician before you start up low cholesterol diet. You have to make sure that the low cholesterol foods are fine with any medications that are presently recommended to you.


  1. Fish:-

Fish are said to be fantabulous for the heart. It is enriched with proteins and omega-3 fatty acids which are popular for reducing triglycerides and diminish plaque development in arteries. Consuming fish assist in reducing bad cholesterol and enhancing the level of good cholesterol. Cold water fish such as salmon, herring, tuna, trout, mackerel and sardine and laden with omega-3 fatty acids and are suggested for daily consumption. Nevertheless, it is important to note that the way you cook the fish plays a dominant role in what health advantages you can obtain from consuming it. For instance, the way of deep frying the fish in oil is not at all good for health. The other ways of cooking fish like broiling, steaming, grilling and microwaving the fish will be more useful. Remember; eat fish only in reasonable amount because abundant source of fat is present in fish. Due to this you need to face no of weight problems. People allergic to fish or just don’t like consuming it or are concerned about potential contamination, can fulfill their need of omega-3 fatty acids through intake of walnuts, flaxseed, eggs, etc.

  1. Nuts:-

Nuts are full of fiber, vitamins, protein, phytonutrients, plant sterols, antioxidants, nutrients, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. The best thing is simple to consume- just need to shell them, no long provisions needed. Or make proper utilization of them into pastas, salads, fruits, porridges, fruits, yogurt, soups, and cereals.

Consuming few peanuts, pistachios, nuts, walnuts, hazelnuts, pine nuts, pecans and almonds on a daily basis will surely assists in reducing bad cholesterol levels. Walnuts are packed with omega-3 fatty acids and so highly advised.

Some other various nuts such as Brazil nuts, cashew nuts and macadamia are known to have rich concentration of fat component and may not be as useful. Again consuming in reasonable is suggested.

Also obviate the nuts that come up chocolate-covered, salted and sugared because they are responsible for damaging the health. Only people who want to obtain extra calories can eat them otherwise eating original in the raw form is more beneficial.

  1. Black tea:-

According to research, the powerful elements of black tea assist the capacity to fight against bad cholesterol level. Several studies have proven that black tea has the ability to reduce the threat of coronary artery diseases.

  1. Sunflower seeds:-

Generally people believe that excess use of sunflower oil has worse effects on the health. But this is completely wrong conception as research has revealed that phytosterols found in sunflower seeds assist to reduce bad cholesterol levels, by diminishing their assimilation. As a result, it has become a healthy food alternative.

  1. Soy:-

Soy is popular among health conscious people these days. It is said to be highly nutritious in cutting down cholesterol levels, although there is some disputes about that, lately. Some studies state that intake of soy really makes slight or no difference to cholesterol levels. In any case, it is good substitute for high fat milk and meat products. Soy is prepared from soy beans and you can consume it in form of soy flour, soy nuts, miso, soy milk, tofu, tempeh and so on.

  1. Oats:-

Oats offers you plenty of soluble fiber which is useful in lowering bad cholesterol. Food holding oat bran, whole oat flour, and oatmeal are extremely goodish and satisfying. Hot oatmeal porridge and cold oat bran cereal have been usually consumed for breakfast. Moreover, you can also include ground oatmeal to soups, baked foods and casseroles.

  1. Avocado:-

If you want to preserve calories and at the same time reduce saturated fats, then avocado is one of the excellent solutions. According to research, it includes beta-sitosterol, which has the natural capacity to cut down LDL cholesterol. In reality, if you eat avocado on a daily basis then only it will work in augmenting daily consumption of monounsaturated fats.

  1. Foods rich in soluble fiber: -

Soluble fiber can aid to lower cholesterol level if add as an integral part of the diet as they stick to the bile elements and prevent their reabsorption. Besides oats, apple pulp, beans, citrus fruits, beans, barley, and peas holds soluble fiber in rich concentration.

  1. Foods with stanol or plant sterol:-

People affected with High LDL cholesterol level must adopt a diet of foods holding plant sterols or stanols. These natural plant substances avert the assimilation of cholesterol and frequently added in foods such as orange juice, spreads, snack bars, margarine, and salad dressings.

Remember, incorporating low cholesterol foods is obviously useful but it does not give relief from existing problems, neither assures you protection from any future health complications. Just because your diet is filled with fatty fish, it does not signify that it is entirely secured for you to consume an excellent source of high fat foods and relinquish exercise completely. Intake of above mentioned foods on a daily basis in reasonable amount along with doing sufficient exercise and taking rest ensures constant good health.


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Leprosy is the disease caused by bacteria named Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis. Leprosy discolors the skin by developing skin lesion and also damages the nerves.  This infectious disease is also called as Hansen’s disease. Adults are at increased risk of developing leprosy than children. Leprosy have incubation period ranging from months to many years or decades. Due to very long incubation period the symptoms are not be observed instantly. In olden days leprosy patients were isolated from the community. Leprosy is not extremely transmittable. In order to restrict leprosy from spreading several measures are taken.


Patient affected by leprosy mostly notice symptoms such as numbness, mouth ulcers, loss of sensing cold and hot temperature, dry eyes, loss of digits, less blinking, skin lesions, limbs and disfigurement of facial parts. Apart from these, they also experience injury of nasal passage, inflammation of organs like kidneys, eyes, and liver. Leprosy in males results in erectile dysfunction. Different types of leprosy shows different symptoms. Demonstration of symptoms may take several years because the multiplication of mycobacterium leprae is very slow, therefore it is very hard to notice in beginning phase of disease.

Leprosy categorized into 3 types namely:-

  1. Tuberculoid leprosy:-

In trunk and body extremities we can observe patches of red skin with reduced sensation. Warning signs like skin stiffness, blindness, weakness in muscles, loss of toes and fingers etc are highly observed. Small injury to the toes or fingers results in complete loss of that finger or toe. Any single injury to eyes results in blindness. This type does not spread from one person to another.

  1. Borderline leprosy:-

This is most commonly seen and has mild severity. Skin rashes mainly on face, elbows, ears, arms, pain in muscle etc. are the symptoms.

  1. Lepromatous leprosy:-

This is highly dangerous shows symptoms like skin rash on knees, ears, face, buttocks, and elbows. Skin rash can be large, small, light or dark colored. Eyebrows and eyelashes becomes thinner, nose bleed, skin on face thickens gradually, stiffed nasal cavity, inflammation of armpits, groin and lymph nodes. Testes scarring is results in gynecomastia and infertility.

  1. Transmission mode of leprosy:-

Airborne nasal droplets are the transmission medium. When a healthy individual gets in contact with leprosy patient may get affected. There are few factors which increase the chances of spreading leprosy. Disease can be spread at genetic level, surrounding environment factors. This disorder generally seen spreading from infected husband to wife or vice versa, affected parents to kids. It may run for generations in family. Unborn child will not be affected by infected mother. Transmission of leprosy from animals to humans is rarely seen. Leprosy is not sexually transmitted disease.

Treatment to cope with leprosy:-

In earlier days there was no proper medication to cure leprosy. Discovering the disease in the primary stage is the best way to avoid severe ill effects and also it will be helpful in great extent to treat the infected person. Diagnosis of leprosy is done by skin scraping test. Test includes analyzing the cells sample to find out the pathogen existence. To find out the leprosy type lepromin skin test is performed.   Antibiotics works best to cure leprosy. Antibiotics should be continued for about 6-7 months. Till the patient recovers completely antibiotics shouldn’t be discontinued. Proper medication can prevent the nerve damage.

In few cases patients may need supportive caring from physical therapists, orthopedists, eye specialists. To fade patch Reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery are needed. If for very long duration a healthy person stays in contact with infected individual that person must look for medical assistance. Patient experiences severe mental and physical problems. The drugs used to cure leprosy are Rifampicin, Clofazimine, Dapsone, Fluoroquinolones, Minocycline and Macrolides etc. We don’t have any particular vaccine for leprosy so proper medication is mandatory to cure this disease. Avoiding the contact with contaminated air which is exhaled by patient is best way to stay away from leprosy. Antibiotics must be continued for about 6-12 months for a better recovery.

Diet for leprosy patients:-

  • Consumption of vitamin A rich food is very helpful to improve and healing the skin lesions. Carrots, broccoli, cabbage, sweet potato, beet root, red pepper, butternut, spinach, liver lettuce, apricots are much preferred.
  • Vitamin-B complex rich foods are highly recommended to treat leprosy symptoms. Some of the very rich vitamin B complex foods are cheese, beef, octopus, lobster, lamb, fish eggs etc.
  • Vitamin C foods are helpful to strengthen the immune system of the body. Kiwi fruit, guava, orange, lemons grapes, bell pepper garden cress, sprouts, papayas etc, are vitamin C rich foods.
  • Foods containing minerals must be added in diet. Zinc and calcium are highly beneficial. Soy milk, cottage cheese, dark chocolate, watermelon seeds, yogurt, salmon, tofu etc are rich in minerals.
  • Vitamin D foods like cat fish, button mushrooms, herring, tuna fish, mackerel, cod liver oil are good for leprosy patients.
  • Vitamin E rich foods are good for epidermal cells which improves the skin texture. The skin lesions can be healed naturally by vitamin E rich foods like bell peppers, Swiss chard, mustard green, seeds of sunflower, asparagus. Vitamin E improves the epidermal cells by regenerating new cells.

Prevention is better than cure so people should avoid contact for a long time with lepromatous leprosy patients. Touching armadillos should be avoided as it sometimes contains mycobacterium leprae in undercooked armadillo. Quick recognition of symptoms and a proper medication is necessary to cure this disease and to avoid severe nerve damage.

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PMS intends premenstrual syndrome and is nothing but a set of signs that are noticed by majority of females, one or two weeks before the occurrence of their menstrual cycle. Most often, symptoms of PMS alter from one woman to another. Some physical symptoms associated with PMS involves bloating, faintness, head pain, shortage of energy, joint pain, nausea, abdominal cramps, swelling or soreness of breasts, etc. It gives rise to some emotional problems as well. Therefore, she frequently becomes vulnerable to depression, anxiety, mood swings, irritability and so on. The root cause behind these emotional and physical alterations is still not identified. According to experts point of view the hormonal changes that occurs during this stage can be responsible for it. Some studies believe that it can be also takes place because of an inequality in the level of magnesium and calcium mineral in the body. Essentially, remedies consists certain changes which will assist you to deal with stress and uneasiness related with PMS. PMS symptom can be ease easily by opting a healthy lifestyle.

  1. Prefer a healthy diet:-

Foods laden with minerals and vitamins can control the PMS symptoms in the long run. Whole wheat grains, dairy products, fresh vegetables, fish, nuts, lean meats, beans are said to be PMS reliever foods. People troubled by stomach bloating during this phase should give priority to intake of celery and asparagus. All those foods that incline to augment symptoms should be strictly obviated. The list of those foods comprises fatty foods, fast food, unhealthy snacks, alcohol, processed foods, chocolate, caffeine, soda, etc. Instead of saturated fats like butter increase consumption unsaturated oils such as safflower oil or flaxseed oil.

  1. Increase consumption of nutritional supplements:-

PMS is mostly occurs due to shortage of nutrition, especially that of calcium and magnesium. As a result, eating of magnesium and calcium supplements on a daily basis can lessen the symptoms. Moreover, vitamin E can also be taken to cut down the physical uneasiness like breast tenderness. Also, vitamin B6 plays a crucial role in reducing bloating issues. Before starting with these supplements, you should take doctors approval to determine the precise dosage suitable for you.

  1. Drink ample of water:-

Because of change in hormonal levels, water retention is a common issue of PMS which frequently stimulates excessive bloating. The huge amount of fluid held in the body tissues can be removed by drinking ample of water. As a result, you should give priority to drinking 8-10 glasses of water daily.

  1. Enough rest is vital:-

Once your body get sufficient amount of sleep, it becomes capable to handle the annoying PMS condition. Basically, peaceful sleep of 7-8 hours at night is prime need of your body.

  1. Exercise daily:-

Keep at least 20-30 minutes of time aside for exercising from your busy schedule. Choose any workout like jogging, cycling, walking and so on. These exercises are considered to be excellent for improving blood circulation and calming down the hormone levels. In simple words, exercises alleviate both physical and emotional symptoms of PMS.

  1. Reduce craving:-

Before onset of period, you might notice that you are one of the several women who want certain form of unhealthy snacks. Generally those craving are for foodstuff like salt rich or sweet fatty snacks. You may experience desire for fatty protein snacks or meals, such as a hamburger or another meat. Incorporating diet filled with whole grain complex carbohydrate may aid you control these craving by keeping your sugar level stable. Excessive intake of fatty food can contribute to weight gain and other unhealthy effects, so these are two best reasons to cut down intake of it.

  1. Take appropriate medication:-

Antidepressants are mostly proven useful in bringing down PMS symptoms, particularly depression, irritability, anxiety and other mood changes. Studies have disclosed that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) play a significant role in reducing the PMS symptoms. Other medication like oral contraceptive also works better for women. But, women should take these medications under medical supervision only. Non prescription pain medications are also there to relieve the uneasiness of cramping.


There are host of herbs which are known to have a remarkable effect on the PMS symptoms. Hence, a few of them are listed below to slow down the PMS condition:

  • Evening primrose oil is one kind of plant oil which is enriched with essential fatty acids and proven useful in easing pain and inflammation in the body.
  • Valerian root is extremely beneficial in emotional symptoms like irritability and mood swings. If consume before going to bed, it retards mental tension and promotes sleep.
  • Chaste tree herb is said to be wonderful remedy for menstrual cramps. Take it in early morning my including 9-10 drops of drops of chaste tree extract in a glass of water.
  • Dandelion leaves functions like a potent organic diuretic and provides relief from PMS and bloating. You can make a powerful mixture by soaking some fresh leaves of dandelion in hot water for at least 15-20 minutes. Have it two times in a day for experiencing superior results.
  • Peppermint tea is well known for having relaxing effect on the stomach muscles and offers huge relief from cramps. Simply make the tea by immersing a teaspoon of peppermint leaves in a cup of boiling water for 8-10 minutes.

These are some of the easy yet potent natural PMS cures. If you are going through serious PMS symptoms, then visit a health care professional at earliest for its treatment. Typically, this condition is tackled with help of pain relieving drugs and birth control pills. Nevertheless, avert taking any such medicine on own. Always, take an advice from physician before taking any medication.

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Watermelon is a powerhouse of citrulline element, one potential health advantage of watermelon rind consist improving blood circulation. Citrulline gets transformed into arginine (an indispensable amino acid) in the body. This is one main reason behind enlarge blood vessels, which encourage effective blood flow all over the body.

No other fruit is as healthiest as watermelon to beat summer heat. One cup offers 50 calories and rich source of vitamin A and C. The red flesh of watermelon is enriched with lycopene, a powerful antioxidant that plays a significant role in preventing cancer and heart disease. The best thing is watermelon rind offers protection to the sweeter flesh from spoiling and hold rich source of fiber, potassium, and vitamin C. Small quantity of vitamin B-6 is also found in watermelon. Watermelon rind holds least calories, so calorie conscious people can also enjoy its benefits.

Almost 92 percent water is present in water, hence a perfect food to quench thirst. Most often people throw the rind of watermelon after consuming the delicious red flesh. This happens because majority of people are unaware the fact that watermelon rind is safe to eat. The rind is laden with nutrients that can prove beneficial for overall health. No doubt, the rind is not as wholesome as fruit, but it definitely doesn’t deserve to be disposed because of health advantages that it offers.

  1. Boon for the heart:-

As mentioned earlier, watermelon rind encourage healthy blood circulation, it can always be useful to the heart. Since the rind promote smooth blood flow, if may function to protect the heart from clogged arteries. No surprise, arginine supplements are suggested to get over cardiac issues like congestive heart failure (CHF), coronary artery disease and angina.

  1. Cuts down blood pressure:-

Citrulline is abundantly present in watermelon rind that aid elaboration of blood vessels. This is turn lead to lower high blood pressure. The augmented formation of arginine rind linked with consumption of watermelon rind may assist in maintaining healthy blood pressure.

  1. Packed with useful nutrients:-

Citrulline is not just the only useful element present in watermelon rind. It is also loaded with phytronutrients such as beta-carotene and lycopene that are popular for their antioxidant properties and possible anticancer advantages. The rind also holds small quantity of vitamin B6 and vitamin C.

  1. Treat erectile dysfunction:-

It has long been recommended that watermelons are known to a have Viagra-like effect. Now, consuming watermelon rind may provide the similar benefit. By enhancing the level of arginine, watermelon rind can stimulate blood vessels to enlarge, thus obtaining the similar effect as Viagra. So consuming watermelon rind may prove beneficial to heal erectile dysfunction.

  1. Supports blood circulation:-

Enormous quantity of citrulline is present in watermelon rind. This element is nothing but amino acid that acts like building blocks of protein. One study indicates that the rind has 60 percent more citrulline element than the flesh. Generally in body, citrulline alters to arginine, which plays a significant role in augmenting blood vessels. Once the blood vessel elaborate, it aid encourage better blood circulation. Hence by intake of watermelon rind on a daily basis, one can truly promote combination of arginine, which may lead to increasing blood circulation. In addition, citrulline helps removal of toxic contents like ammonia from the body.

  1. Combats free radicals:-

Research has disclosed that huge source of citrulline element found in watermelon rind assist significantly in expelling free radicals. It is transformed to an amino acid that finally offers heart and immune system protection and prevents dangerous toxins from occupying in the body.

  1. Best for weight loss:-

Once again, citrulline plays a crucial role in weight loss as well. Studies have revealed that intake of citrulline contribute to 30% less weight gain. The consideration is that citrulline found in rind contributes to less muscle fatigue, which therefore permits people to increase the period of their exercises. This in turn aid to manage healthy body weight. Ways to consume watermelon rind involves either preferring organic watermelon or including it to smoothies or simply eating deeper up to the white part of the rind when consuming the juicy flesh.


Handfuls of people are alert about health advantages of watermelon rind and they abstain from consuming it because of its unlikable bitter taste. Those who avoid eating this nutritious watermelon rind for them watermelon rind pickle one wonderful option is available. Its sour and spicy flavoring notice to be useful in alleviating morning sickness. This become possible because rind elaborate blood vessels and enhance blood flow, it can aid alleviate muscle cramps that are usual during maternity. Besides making pickle from watermelon rind you can also make soup and utilize it in curries. In addition, simply drink juice made from watermelon rind by chopping small pieces of it in juicer.

Do not forget to wash watermelon appropriately before utilizing and prefer watermelon that is developed naturally. Choosing conventionally developed watermelon enhances your risk to pesticide revelation while eating the watermelon rind. Remember, you should peel the outer layer of the fruit if it is not organic.


Intake of the rind permits you to utilize all of the edible parts of a watermelon. Moreover, it brings down food waste also. Because of their mild flavor, you can utilize watermelon rinds in a wide range of dishes. The use of watermelon rinds is extensively done in salads, stir-fries, soups and other various dishes in Asian cuisine. Pickled watermelon rind is believed to be famous dish in Southern states. Several preserves, candy and relishes are also prepared from watermelon rinds.

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Every main requires reconciling in sexual practices and gratifying themselves and their partner. But, in reality it does not happen in every instance because there are majority of men in world who confront issue of erection failure. In this condition, men become incapable to reach a stiff and erect organ during intercourse. Edegra, a kind of generic Viagra is a popular among men who only trust medications that are trustworthy and safe. Sildenafil Citrate is amply present in this anti-impotence pill. An excellent source of this ingredient helps men to beat impotence effectively. In reality, the potency of Edegra is fabulous and is known to heal 99 percent instances of erotic disorder in men. Hence, men who desire a satisfying sexual life can look for Edegra.

Edegra can treat impotent men just within half an hour of overwhelming this medication. Edegra is on the whole an inhibitor that works on PDE-5 (phosphodiesterace), an enzyme behind onset of erectile dysfunction. Edegra lessens the formation of PDE-5 due to this the blood flow to the pelvic region is regenerated and man becomes capable to attain a solid and rigid erection, enabling him to penetrate his partner.

The consequences of Edegra continue for approx 4-6 hours. This time is sufficient to permit the couple to get intimate for several times. But it is essential to note that Edegra is a medication that should not be consumed without medical direction. Also, the outcomes of Edegra are observed after obtaining some form of sexual stimulation.

Repeating dose of Edegra before 24 hours is prohibited as it can make the man sick, faint and weak. Before starting with Edegra treatment, the man should take advice from his health care adviser concerning the form of diet that he can follow as incorporating a heavy meal can retard the act of Viagra. Another fact that must not be ignored that intake of alcohol along with Edegra can enhance risk of chronic side effects. Men affected by health issues like blood pressure, sickle cell anemia, diabetes, liver problem, heart issues, priapism, diabetes, etc. should take Edegra under medical supervision only. Impotent men sensitive to Sildenafil citrate or to any chemical of Edegra should keep distance from it. Nitrates are hazardous for health if consumed along with PDE5 inhibitors. Hence, void nitrate consumption. Edegra is famous for stimulating faint sensation and blur vision for stipulated time after the consumption. As a result, any task undertaken in that specific time can contribute to an accident. Thus, obviate indulging in any activity. Edegra is only intended for impotent men usage. This pill is not designed for treatment of women sexual problems; hence women and children should stay away from it. Being used to the medication is not good in the long run.

Temporary side effects of Edegra consists red facial skin, headache, diarrhea, color blindness, blur vision, faint sensation, upset stomach etc. Men consuming the medication for the first time are highly vulnerable to these side effects. They stay for short span and fade away easily without taking medical aid. If these mentioned symptoms persist for more than a day, then in that case without delaying run to your doctor.

Edegra exhibits chronic ill effects very rarely. Anything wrong done with the treatment procedure contributes to chronic ill effects. Breathlessness, heart attack, rashes, rapid heartbeat, dry mouth, prolong penis erection, chest pain, etc. are some severe side effects which occurs very rarely. Avoid making delay in treating these symptoms. Long term persistence of these symptoms is certainly worse for health.

Health care professional’s advice is to consume the medication on an empty stomach for noticing prompt outcomes. Oily and fast foods are required to be obviated as they retard the functioning of the medication. Also, evade overeating before or after consuming Edegra pill. One pill of Edegra in 24 hours is fine, not more than that. Taking more than one pill in a day lead to overdose, which further gives an open invitation to wide range of side effects. Simply sip the tablet with a glass of water. Gulping whole pill is definitely good. No need to break, crush or chew this tablet. Evade utilizing other solvents as they are responsible for decelerating the results. Edegra demonstrates outcomes after 45 minutes. So consume the medication in advance and till erections are acquired get engage in love making process. It is also imperative part of foreplay. Edegra is not a medication thought to consume daily for healing ED. In should be consumed when desire to have love making session. Hence, there are no possibilities of missing a dose. Overdosing is absolutely hazardous. Evade overdose of Edegra. Consume only one pill in one day. Follow this easy rule and will never have to confront overdosing related ill effects. If no outcomes emerge in the first time, do not get nervous. It encounters in the beginning. In fact, there are chances you may not obtain result after intake of medication for fourth or fifth time as well. Do not lose hopes and continue trying. Definitely your attempts will pay in sometime. Edegra is mostly supplied in three different doses that are 25mg, 50mg and 100mg. 50 mg is highly recommended to people affected by ED by their health care professionals. But, considering to severity of ED, the dose usually varies from low (25mg) to high (100mg). Do remember, only your physician can suggest the correct dose for you.

Likewise other medication, Edegra should be stored in clean and tidy place. Proper temperature for the medication is room temperature. The temperature should not be more than 30 degree Celsius. Nothing is finer than air tight box for storing Edegra pills. Light, heat and wet surrounding damage the medication. Store the medication away from them. Storing the medication in refrigerator is forbidden. A cool and dark is basic need of Edegra. Ensure dust and dirt is not nearby the medication. Dirt responds promptly with the medication and damages its potency. Kitchen and bathroom temperatures are unsuitable for the anti-ED medications.  With proper discarding procedure throw away outdated pills of Edegra.

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Kamagra oral jelly is a great formation and prominent treatment for men dealing with erotic disorders. The medication is eminent and completely different from other hard-to-swallow pills. Kamagra jelly sachets can be easily extruded onto a spoon and immersed effortlessly. It is supplied in number of flavors such as banana, mint, vanilla, strawberry, orange, mango, pineapple, chocolate and so on. This medication is immediately assimilates into the blood and victim notice desire results within 20 minutes of its consumption only. This medication offers long term instant erection for specific period of time. Kamagra oral jelly works amazingly if a male sexual organ is sexually evoked. The medication is excellent for elderly men who are incapable to gulp other hard pills. Impotent men with low metabolism can also utilize this medication as this promptly dissolves into the blood and starts functioning.

Sildenafil Citrate is abundantly present in Kamagra oral jelly. Sildenafil affects the reaction to sexual arousal. It works by raising supple muscle relaxation utilizing nitric oxide, a chemical that is generally relinquished in reaction to sexual arousal. This supple muscle relaxation grants augmented blood flow into certain regions of the penis, which contribute to an erection.

Take kamagra oral jelly under medical supervision and only when your body is sexually charged. Remember without the urge for engaging in sex, the medication cannot work. It is fine if taken it around 1 hour prior indulging in love making session. Similar to other medication, do not take this jelly form medication more than once in a day. Try best to take the exact prescribed dose as excess of anything results in side effects. For observing fast results keep distance from alcohol, grapefruit and grape juice. They are responsible for retarding the results and aggravate the condition very badly. Before, start taking Kamagra jelly, inform your health care professional if you are allergic to it. Also, inform if you have other allergies. The possibilities are high that older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of the medication. Therefore, old men should consume the medication only if approved by their physician. Stay away from Kamagra jelly, if consuming other nitrate containing medication.

Your physician must be completely alert about your past and current medical history before Kamagra jelly treatment begins. Evade Kamagra jelly if facing any health issue related to kidney, heart, liver and brain or take with on expert’s approval. You will experience superior outcomes if consumed medication on an empty stomach or after light, fat free meal. Intake of fatty food is responsible for decelerating the medication results. Enjoy great sex and experience lifelong pleasure with your partner with this reasonable priced and effectual medication. The main goal of the medication is to treat male impotence only. It is not intended for enhancing sexual desire of men. Men under influence of Kamagra oral jelly should obviate operating machinery and even driving too. This medication gives rise to development of giddiness and blurry vision. Kamagra jelly is not meant for women and children usage. Only elderly men and guys above 18 years can utilize it to get rid of ED successfully. The chances of missing dose are almost impossible with this medication as it only needs to take when feel like having sex and is not recommended for daily usage. Smoking is not allowed once treatment of Kamagra oral jelly begins.

Observing short term ill effects after intake of Kamagra oral jelly is normal. These ill effects are not at all injurious and goes away on own in some time. These ill effects never emerge again once your body turns habitual to the medication. The temporary ill effects of the medication comprise head pain, diarrhea, stomach upset, blurry vision, red facial skin, vomiting, body pain, back pain, etc. Treatment becomes mandatory in case these ill effects continue for longer duration. Long term survival of these symptoms is definitely worse for health. On the other hand, if observe symptoms such as shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, hives, chest pain, heart attack, seizure, high blood pressure, rigidity in penis for more than four hours etc, then without delaying run to your doctor.

It is obligatory to keep Kamagra oral jelly in accurate room temperature for ensuring long term use. Do not allow the temperature to go beyond 30 degrees. Sachets of the medication remains no more functional if get in touch with light, moisture and heat. Storing Kamagra oral jelly in unusual places like bathroom or kitchen is also not suggested. Their temperature harms the medication. It would be beneficial if medication is stored in gas tight box. Gas tight boxes are completely safe as they do not permit air duct at all. The surrounding atmosphere of Kamagra oral jelly must be cool and dark. In addition, make sure that medication surrounding is clean. Store the medication away from women and children’s reach. Keeping no longer valid sachets of Kamagra oral jelly at home is absolutely risky. Therefore with medical aid try best to discard them in good order.

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